What are the symptoms and causes of early onset dementia?

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What are the symptoms and causes of early onset dementia?

Early-onset dementia is the onset of symptoms of dementia in people under the age of 65. Early-onset dementia is less common than dementia in older adults, but it can have a huge impact on individuals and families. In this article, we will learn what early-onset dementia is, its symptoms, causes, and treatment options.

An understanding of early-onset dementia.

Dementia is a generic term for cognitive impairment such as memory, thinking, and reasoning that is severe enough to interfere with daily life. Early-onset dementia, in particular, occurs before the age of 65. It is most commonly diagnosed in your late 50s or early 60s, but it can affect people in their 30s, 40s, and 50s.

Early-onset dementia symptoms.

Symptoms of early onset dementia are similar to those of later onset. They may include:

1. Memory loss: Difficulty remembering recent events, appointments, or names.
2. Cognitive decline: problems with language, problem solving, and decision-making ability.
3. Behavioural change: indicates mood change, agitation, irritability, and indifference.
4. Difficulty completing everyday tasks: Struggle with everyday activities such as cooking or dressing.
5. Confusion and disorientation: getting lost in a familiar place, losing time, or easily becoming disoriented.

The cause of early-onset dementia.

Early-onset dementia can be caused by a number of factors:

1. Genetic mutation: In some cases, certain genetic mutations can cause early-onset dementia.
2. Alzheimer’s Disease: Alzheimer’s disease, the most common cause of dementia, can also occur in people under the age of 65.
3. Vascular Problems: Diseases such as strokes and small vascular diseases can lead to cognitive decline at a young age.
4. Frontal Lobe Dementia This type of dementia mainly affects the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain, causing behavior and personality changes.
5. Other underlying conditions: Certain conditions, such as Parkinson’s disease or Huntington’s disease, can cause early-onset dementia.

Treatment options.

There is no cure for early-onset dementia, but there are treatments that can be used to manage the symptoms of dementia and slow its progression. These can include:

1. Drugs: Prescription drugs can help relieve certain symptoms, such as memory loss or cognitive loss.
2. Cognitive Stimulation: Participating in brain-challenging activities, such as puzzles and memory exercises, can help maintain cognitive abilities.
3. Occupational Therapy: Occupational therapists can help adapt to an individual’s daily activities to compensate for cognitive difficulties.